Understanding Cybersecurity


Who needs a gun when you have a keyboard? Cyberattacks are malicious attempts to damage, steal or destroy critical corporate data, compromise websites, and disrupt operational infrastructures.Depending on the criminal intent, a cyber attack can be random or targeted.
Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, WHO has seen a dramatic increase in the number of cyber attacks directed at its staff, and email scams targeting the public at large. Recently, some 450 active WHO email addresses and passwords were leaked online along with thousands belonging to others working on the novel coronavirus response. Scammers impersonate WHO in emails targeted the general public in order to channel donations to a fictitious fund and not the authentic COVID-19 Solidary Response Fund.The number of cyber attacks is now more than five times the number directed at the Organization in the same period last year.

Not just the WHO organization but there are many more who are vulnerable to these attacks. What’s the best defense then? A strong cyber security system has multiple layers of protection spread across computers, devices, networks and programs. But a strong cyber security system doesn’t rely solely on cyber defense technology; it also relies on people making smart cyber defense choices.

The good news? You don’t need to be a cyber security specialist to understand and practice good cyber defense tactics. This guide can help. You’ll learn more about cyber security and how to help defend yourself against cyber threats, and how to recognize and avoid threats before they infiltrate your network or devices.

What Is Cybersecurity?

Computer security, Cybersecurity or Information Technology security (IT security) is the protection of computer systems and networks from the theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. It’s importance prevails as reliance on computer systems, the Internet and wireless network such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, and due to the growth of “smart” devices, including smartphones, televisions, and the various devices that constitute the “Internet of things” has increased as never before.

Defining Cybersecurity

Employee behavior can have a big impact on information security in organizations. Cultural concepts can help different segments of the organization work effectively or work against effectiveness towards information security within an organization. The attacker’s intentions may vary as some are just thrill seekers whereas some are with vicious background and after money.

Why Is Cybersecurity Important?

To understand this, we need to know what are the weak points about a system which lead to cyberattack mishap. This way, we can get to solutions that can avoid this invasion of security. There are theses loose strings, called vulnerabilities, that lead to security breach. Let us take a look at them one by one.

Vulnerability and Evasions

This is something like an escape which is almost missed or hard to detect. It is any secret method of bypassing normal authentication or security controls. They may exist for a number of reasons, including by original design or from poor configuration. They may have been added by an authorized party to allow some legal access, or by an attacker for malicious reasons; but regardless of the motives for their existence, they create a vulnerability.

Social engineering aims to convince a user to disclose secrets such as passwords, card numbers, etc. by, for example, impersonating a bank, a contractor, or a customer. One example of social engineering is an individual who walks into a building and posts an official-looking announcement to the company bulletin that says the number for the help desk has changed. So, when employees call for help the individual asks them for their passwords and IDs thereby gaining the ability to access the company’s private information. It is a kind of psychological manipulation of user.

It means that an unauthorized user gains physical access to your computer and is able to directly copy data from it. They may also compromise security by making operating system modifications, installing software worms, keyloggers, covert listening devices or using wireless mice.

Tampering describes a malicious modification or alteration of data. So-called Evil Maid attacks and security services planting of surveillance capability into routers are examples.

Zero-day attacks are becoming more-and-more common. Essentially, these attacks occur between a network vulnerability announcement and a patch solution. For example, in the name of transparency and security, most companies will announce that they found a problem with their network safety, but some criminals will take this opportunity to unleash attacks before the company can come up with a security patch.

Basic Protection/ Security

Cybersecurity has emerged within the latest years as an issue of vital importance for everyone as governments, businesses and individuals are under constant attack from other governments, cyber criminals and hackers. These attacks steal large amounts of money, in the form of personal and business data, and compromise sensitive government operations. The loss of critical data, such as source files or intellectual property, can cost a company its competitive advantage. With high-profile data breaches making media headlines, it’s essential that organizations adopt and implement a strong cybersecurity approach.

Computer Security


1. Network Security: It protects network traffic by controlling incoming and outgoing connections to prevent threats from entering or spreading on the network. In its simplest term, it is a set of rules and configurations designed to protect the integrity and accessibility of computer networks and data using both software and hardware technologies. Every organization, regardless of size, requires a degree of network security solutions in order to protect it.

2. Data Loss Prevention (DLP): This protects data by focusing on the location, classification and monitoring of information at rest, in use and in motion. It is a software that identifies the potential security breach and prevents data loss. More often this data loss leads to data leak and any sensitive information can get into hands of third party.
This software guard computers against outsider and insider attacks.

3. Cloud Security: It provides protection for data used in cloud-based services and applications. The way cloud security is delivered will depend on the individual cloud provider or the cloud security solutions in place. However, implementation of cloud security processes should be a joint responsibility between the business owner and solution provider.

4. Antivirus/anti-malware: Antivirus scan computer systems for known threats. Modern solutions are even able to detect previously unknown threats based on their behavior. Antivirus software is purpose-built to detect and destroy threats like viruses, malware, ransomware, spyware and others.

Evolving Cybersecurity

While it may seem absurd now, the solution to some of the earliest cybercrime was to shut down the entire internet. Yes, you read that correctly. Fortunately, cybersecurity has evolved at break-neck speed and shows no signs of slowing down. Cybersecurity is evolving at a rapid pace and certainly, there is no slowing down. From the time of the first virus attack in 1989, The Morris Worm which infected around 6000 computers then to today where cybersecurity has become a board-room level concern, we have come a long way.

Today, cybersecurity is viewed as a business enabler. Progressive organizations integrate cybersecurity with their business and the matured ones make security a part of their culture.Speed and agility are not the only assets IT security needs to harness. It also needs to act smarter and be more effective, often in the face of reduced budgets. Managing security in the digital world involves the gathering, synthesis and analysis of security data as standard. It’s no longer just about the data, but what the data can tell us. The right mix of people, process and technology for a well-designed cyber security program is a bulwark against cyber threats which is a clear and present danger with its ever-evolving tactics, techniques and procedures.

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